A day of candy hearts, heartfelt gifts, and surprises, Valentine’s Day comes around only once a year on February 14 – the day that came to be synonymous with love. Valentine’s Day is more than just a Hallmark holiday meant to sell chocolates, roses, and cards, it actually has a pretty rich history.
Here are some fun facts about Valentine’s Day, but continue reading if you want to learn about the origins of this celebration of love.
- The Valentine’s Day gift that people spend the most on is jewelry.
- And they also spend nearly $650 million on gifts for their pets!
- Conversation hearts got their start as medical lozenges.
- More than 8 billion conversation hearts are manufactured each year.
- Nearly 6 million couples get engaged on Valentine’s Day.
So, how did these traditions come about? Historians believe Valentine’s Day actually began in Ancient Rome during a pagan fertility festival known as Lupercalia. During this holiday, Romans celebrated the gods Faunus, the god of agriculture, and the Roman founders Romulus and Remus. In the 1300s, the holiday was Christianized and became a holiday associated with love and romance. The Roman Pope Gelasius officially declared February 14 “Valentine’s Day” after St. Valentine.
While St. Valentine was never proven to be one individual, he is most commonly associated with the St. Valentine who defied Emperor Claudius II. During Claudius’s ruling, he banned marriage because he though it distracted young soldiers. However, Valentine continued to marry couples in secret until he was caught and sentenced to death. While in jail, young couples would visit his cell and bring him flowers and cards. He allegedly died on February 14, marking the day as Valentine’s Day.
In the 1840s, the first Valentine’s Day cards were mass produced in the U.S. and sold by Esther A. Howland who is now credited as the “mother of the American Valentine.” She is remembered for her crafty, elaborate cards made with lace and ribbons.
Currently, Americans send 145 million Valentine’s Day cards each year. This makes it the second biggest holiday for exchanging cards after Christmas!
May your 2021 Valentine’s Day be full of love and happiness, and maybe just a few yummy chocolate treats.